Day in and day out, human beings experience many dental issues. This is mainly because of their poor oral hygiene and their inability to care for their teeth. The most common dental problem that every other person face is gum disease. This often lands them before a dentist in Bronte for seeking dental treatment. A gum or periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues that help to hold your teeth in their place. Most people experience gum diseases due to poor flossing or brushing habits. This allows plaque (a film of bacteria) to deposit and accumulate on the teeth. Here is a complete guide to the causes and treatment of gum diseases.
Causes of gum disease
The human mouth is a host to numerous bacteria and other particles that form a sticky plaque on their teeth. Although regular brushing and flossing may help eliminate these bacteria, you might fail to remove some amount of plaque that hardens to form tartar. Normal brushing cannot clean this tartar and you will have to visit a dentist in Bronte for eliminating it. Professional cleaning can help to remove tartar easily. Smoking is the most common cause of gum diseases. Other causes may be hormonal changes, AIDS, diabetes, medications reducing the flow of saliva, and genetic susceptibility.
Symptoms of gum disease
Similar to other diseases, there are symptoms of gum diseases also. These symptoms may be:
- Swelling in the gums with associated redness
- Pain during chewing
- Sensitivity in the teeth
- Bad breath that does not decrease or go away
- Tenderness in the gums
- Loose teeth
- Bleeding in the gums
- Gums receding with time or teeth that appear longer than usual.
When you visit your dentist in Bronte, he or she will first diagnose the condition of your gums and find out the underlying cause to give proper treatment. Your dentist will examine your gums carefully to look for the signs of inflammation, if any, are present. He or she will take the help of an instrument called a probe to check for the pockets that may be present around the teeth and measure their depth. However, this examination for pockets is usually painless. Your dentist will also ask you about your medical & dental history and you must provide the right details to him or her. This will help the dentist to not only identify the condition but also the risk factors for the disease. Alternatively, you might need to go for an x-ray.
The primary objective of the treatment for gum disease is to control and/or eliminate the infection. The stage of the gum disease and its extent will be the deciding factor for the type of treatment that you need to undergo. However, any type of treatment will require you to take proper care of oral hygiene. You might also need to quit smoking to get effective results in the long run.
These are the causes, symptoms, and treatment for gum diseases. An early visit to the dentist might help to stop the disease in the initial stage and save your teeth.